Since the 1970’s when various Native American tribes took unprecedented actions to initiate gaming enterprises on Indian lands, there have been a series of legal struggles between the federal, state and tribal governments. As Indian gaming has evolved over the years from bingo parlors to high stakes gaming it has also generated controversy on many different levels and disputes have arisen concerning tribal sovereignty, the effects of gaming and a loss of Native American culture. As a result, federal legislation such as the Indian Gaming Regulatory Act (IGRA) has been enacted so the federal government can oversee gaming operations and try to secure collaboration between the states and tribes.
There are currently 566 federally recognized tribes in the United States. Of those 566 tribes, a little over half operate gaming establishments (a.k.a. casinos) and of those casinos, only a handful has found true prosperity in their respective gaming enterprises.
In this course attorney Michele Hannah discusses tribal sovereignty and the regulation of Indian gaming in the United States. Mrs. Hannah mainly addresses how the history of U.S.-tribal relations has set the stage for Indian gaming, why Indian tribes have the “right” to engage in gambling activities, how the federal government has balanced the interests of tribes, the role of federal & state government, the size & impact of Indian gaming and the benefits that Indian gaming provides. To access the course click here: Indian Gaming: Shared Sovereignty & Tribal Self-Government.
Further issues covered include:
- The definition of a tribe
- The definition of tribal sovereignty
- The beginning of the U.S.-tribal relationship
- The road to Indian gaming
- Public law 280
- Key case law
- The three sovereigns involved
- The Indian Gaming and Regulatory Act (IGRA)
- Indian lands
- The National Indian Gaming Commission (NIGC)
- Class I, II & III gaming
- Management contracts
- Per capita distributions
- Additional regulations
- Constitutional challenges to Indian gaming
Michele Hannah serves as Deputy General Counsel for the Pechanga Band of Mission Indians. She has a joint degree in law and American Indian Studies from UCLA. Before joining Pechanga’s Office of General Counsel, Mrs. Hannah served as a staff attorney in the Escondido office of California Indian Legal Services for over 5 years. At CILA, her work focused on tribal representation in ICWA cases, estate planning and training under the American Indian Probate Reform Act, cultural resource protection, tribal court development, and gaming and economic development. Mrs. Hannah currently provides general representation to the Pechanga tribal government in all matters and serves as Chair of the Conference Planning Committee.
This CLE course on Indian gaming & tribal sovereignty is currently accredited in the following states:
- Alaska (AK)
- Arizona (AZ)
- California (CA)
- Connecticut (CT)
- District of Columbia (DC)
- Illinois (IL)
- Maryland (MD)
- Massachusetts (MA)
- Michigan (MI)
- New Hampshire (NH)
- New Jersey (NJ)
- New York (NY)
- Pennsylvania (PA)
- South Dakota (SD)
Attorney Credits offers continuing legal education (CLE) for attorneys in Illinois and around the country. For more information about CLE in Illinois please click the following link: IL CLE.
 As of January 29, 2014.